EXTRACTED FROM NFPA 72 2013 EDITION.

29.5.1* Required Detection.
29.5.1.1* Where required by other governing laws, codes, or standards for a specific type of occupancy, approved single and multiple-station smoke alarms shall be installed as follows:
(1)*In all sleeping rooms and guest rooms
(2)*Outside of each separate dwelling unit sleeping area, within 21 ft(6.4 m) of any door to a sleeping room, with the distance measured along a path of travel
(3) On every level of a dwelling unit, including basements
(4) On every level of a residential board and care occupancy (small facility), including basements and excluding crawl spaces and unfinished attics
(5)*In the living area(s) of a guest suite
(6) In the living area(s) of a residential board and care occupancy (small facility)
29.5.1.2 Where the area addressed in 29.5.1.1(2) is separated from the adjacent living areas by a door, a smoke alarm shall be installed in the area between the door and the sleeping rooms, and additional alarms shall be installed on the living area side of the door as specified by 29.5.1.1 and 29.5.1.3.
29.5.1.3 In addition to the requirements of 29.5.1.1(1) through (3), where the interior floor area for a given level of a dwelling unit, excluding garage areas, is greater than 1000 ft2 (93 m2), smoke alarms shall be installed per 29.5.1.3.1 and 29.5.1.3.2.
29.5.1.3.1* All points on the ceiling shall have a smoke alarm within a distance of 30 ft (9.1 m) travel distance or shall have an equivalent of one smoke alarm per 500 ft2 (46 m2) of floor area. One smoke alarm per 500 ft2 (46 m2) is evaluated by dividing the total interior square footage of floor area per level by 500 ft2 (46 m2).
29.5.1.3.2 Where dwelling units include great rooms or vaulted/cathedral ceilings extending over multiple floors, smoke alarms located on the upper floor that are intended to protect the aforementioned area shall be permitted to be considered as part of the lower floor(s) protection scheme used to meet the requirements of 29.5.1.3.1.
29.5.2.1.1* Smoke and Heat Alarms. Unless exempted by applicable laws, codes, or standards, smoke or heat alarms used to provide a fire-warning function, and when two or more alarms are installed within a dwelling unit, suite of rooms, or similar area, shall be arranged so that the operation of any smoke or heat alarm causes all alarms within these locations to sound.

EXTRACTED FROM NFPA 720 2012 EDITION

9.4 Required Protection.
9.4.1* Carbon Monoxide Alarms and Detectors. The warning functions intended in this standard shall be performed by single or multiple-station alarms or by detectors connected to a control unit and associated equipment, in accordance with 9.3.3.
9.4.1.1* Carbon monoxide alarms or detectors shall be installed as follows:
(1) Outside of each separate dwelling unit sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms
(2) On every occupiable level of a dwelling unit, including basements, excluding attics and crawl spaces
(3) Other locations where required by applicable laws, codes, or standards
9.4.1.2* Each alarm or detector shall be located on the wall, ceiling, or other location as specified in the manufacturer's published instructions that accompany the unit.

Reproduced with permission from NFPA 72®-2013, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, Copyright © 2012, National Fire Protection, Quincy, MA. This reprinted material is not the complete and official position of the NFPA on the referenced subject, which is represented only by the standard in its entirety.

Reproduced with permission from NFPA 720-2012, Standard for the Installation of Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detection and Warning Equipment, Copyright© 2011, National Fire Protection Association. This reprinted material is not the complete and official position of the NFPA on the referenced subject, which is represented only by the standard in its entirety.

NFPA 72® is a registered trademarks of the National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA.

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